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Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord - الصفحة 3
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الموضوع: Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord

  1. #21
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Christ - The Merciful


    Christ "The Merciful" (Mosaic)




    Date: 12th c. / L ocation: Staatliche Museum, Berlin / Style: Mosaic / Heritage: Byzantine

    This icon is a 12th c. mosaic whose title, written in Greek on the sides of His nimbus or halo, is “Jesus Christ the Merciful.” The original is approximately two feet tall and its very high quality combined with its particular style indicates that it was probably made in about a.d. 1100 in the workshops of the capital of Byzantium, Constantinople, the Queen city of the Eastern Roman Empire for over a thousand years.

    The use of mosaics in Christian iconography goes back to at least the fourth century and was extensively used in both East and West, with some of the best examples still to be seen in the churches of Ravenna, Italy and in Constantinople. Often mosaics were used directly on the walls and floors of churches, but the iconography was never put on the floor where someone could walk on the holy images. The use here of a portable icon in mosaic was not as common, but still done in Constantinople’s icon workshops at that period.

    Christ gazes inwardly, pointing us to where His Kingdom remains. Let us follow Him in love to our true home

    الصور المرفقة الصور المرفقة

  2. #22
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator


    Pantocrator (1262-1263)



    Date: 13th c. (Mid) / L ocation: St. Clement’s Church, Ochrid, Macedonia / Heritage: Macedonian

    This icon is of very high quality and from the inscription on the back we know the details of its origin: “This icon was painted in the year 1262-1263, in the time of Archbishop Konstantin Kabisilas.” It was donated to St. Clement’s Cathedral Church in Ochrid by the archbishop as a sign of thankful gratitude upon his release from the prison that he had been incarcerated by order of Theodore II Lascaris, the Byzantine Emperor at that time. The style indicates that the contemporary trends in Byzantine iconographic technique were followed, as the larger ecclesiastical centers of the empire received them soon after their development in the capital city. The blue and gold in this icon are quite striking.

    The red cross in Christ’s halo refers to His Passion as the Son of God, which He was in all Eternity, and the son of man, which He took on in the realm of chronos, or chronological time. In His left hand He holds a prophet’s scroll to show that He is the fulfillment of the prophet’s words. The Lord’s blessing right hand is turned inwards to remind us that He calls us to the inward state of repentance and love that open the doors of Heaven to us

    الصور المرفقة الصور المرفقة

  3. #23
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Christ the Saviour & Life-Giver


    Christ the Saviour & Life-Giver



    Date: 14th c. (Late) / L ocation: Art Gallery, Skopje, Macedonia / Heritage: Macedonian

    Originally from the iconostasis, or altar icon screen, of the monastery cathedral church in Zrze of Macedonia, this icon is just over four feet tall and is painted in the egg-tempera form of iconography which was borrowed from the funerary arts of Egypt and then sanctified by the Church. On the upper edge of the icon is the inscription written in Greek: “This icon of Our Lord Jesus Christ was painted in the year 1393-1394.” It is the work of Metropolitan Jovan-Zograph, a famous prelate and also a famous iconographer, who also was the painter of signed frescos in the church of St. Andrew on the Treska. The use of many pale, short lines, and also gentle transitions from the dark shadows to the pale ochre in the hands, face, and neck place this icon in the late Paleologean School of Constantinople.

    Christ looks at us as Ruler and Judge on the one hand, but Saviour and Life-Giver on the other, as this icon’s name suggests, so that we will be sober in conscious understanding of our many sins and imperfections, yet hopeful that we may turn from these sins, repent, and receive Life Everlasting


  4. #24
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Great High Priest Enthroned


    Great High Priest Enthroned



    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Style: Great High Priest, Enthroned / Heritage: Greek

    The theme of this icon is expressed in Holy Scripture in these words: “Seeing that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not a high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in our time of need.” (Hebrews 4:14-16)

    Christ is depicted wearing the robes of a bishop with a bright red robe illumined with crosses, with the crown or miter of His Sovereignty on His head, with the Omophorion or stole of rulership on His shoulders, and with red shoes on His feet which represent that He is of Royal descent. The Lord sits on His Throne and rests His feet on His Footstool as He blesses us with His right hand and holds an open Gospel book in His left, to teach us how to follow Him. In St. John’s Gospel, chapter 17, He calls us all to sit with Him and then be one with Him as He is with His Father. May we all follow this calling to be true Christians indeed!


  5. #25
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator - Hilandar


    Pantocrator (Hilandar)



    Date: 13th c. (Mid) / L ocation: Hilander Monastery, Mt. Athos / Style: Pantocrator / Heritage: Byzantine

    Originally from about 1260-1270, this icon was likely to have been a part of the iconostasis or altar icon screen of the old katholikon or main church at Hilandar Monastery on Mount Athos. This work is quite exceptional, and shares some of the stylism of other great icons of the Lord from Sopocani in Serbia and from Ochrid in Macedonia of that same period, as well as the strength of the great encaustic icon of the Pantocrator from Sinai (J24).

    The Greek term Pantocrator means “Ruler of All”, for it says of Christ in the Nicene Creed that by Him “all things were made” and in I Cor 15:24-25 that “He shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For He must reign....” Truly all things in Heaven and on Earth are under Him, but this fact can be loved or hated, depending on our own will. May we love Him and His rule in our lives.

    We see in Christ’s face a most interesting expression--a mixture of sobriety and mercy, with internal and outward awareness. God is merciful beyond our imagination, but God is also the Truth. O Lord help us be illumined by this loving Truth


  6. #26
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator - Sinai


    Pantocrator (Sinai)


    Date: 6th c. / L ocation: St. Catherine's Monastery, Mt. Sinai / Style: Encaustic, Pantocrator / Heritage: Byzantine

    “Pantocrator” is the Greek word meaning “Ruler of All,” and many icons are modeled after this original. Christ is traditionally shown with a short beard and long dark hair parted in the middle, holding a jewel-studded Book of the Gospels in His left arm and blessing us with His right hand. Three fingers touch representing His Divinity, and two fingers are up to symbolize that He is fully God and fully Man, the forefinger bent for His Incarnation.

    The Saviour has a serious and intent look, like the King of All looking upon His people. His face is not symmetrical but has a look of dignity and calmness on one side and a different look of arching of the eyebrows causing enlivenment on the other. These dissimilar but complimentary impressions strike a harmony between the Divine and Human Natures of Christ. Worked in an encaustic or wax-melting technique, this great treasure from the sixth century is one of the earliest icons of Christ still in existence. It is one of the famous icons at St. Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai preserved by the ideal climate and in the lack of the 8th and 9th centurys’ iconoclastic persecution in that area


  7. #27
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator


    Pantocrator


    Date: 13th c. (Mid) / L ocation: Hilandar Monastery, Mt. Athos / Style: Pantocrator / Heritage: Byzantine

    This is a detail of the famous Pantocrator (the Greek word for “Ruler of All”) icon at Hilandar Monastery on Mount Athos painted in 1260-1270.

    This icon was rendered in egg-tempera and shows the classical Byzantine iconographic influence of some of the best periods of early iconography, often portraying Christ in His Majesty and compassion. It has as well elements and stylization of other similar icons of Christ from the mid-13th century, especially in Macedonia and Serbia.

    Icons are always more than just humanistic and naturalistic art, for the human perspective is limited by its own limiting self-awareness that ca
    nnot become truly objective from an Eternal point of view. This objectivity is just what a true icon expresses, both the state of creation and who is being depicted at the very end of time, often involving some abstraction or non-naturalistic perspectives. Thus Christ here has a long thin nose, wide set eyes which are open and aware, a pronounced brow, and a look of profound intentional insight into us, making us think about our own interior state now and in Eternity. Looking inside may we find Him in our hearts


  8. #28
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator


    Pantocrator


    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Style: Deisis / Heritage: Greek

    This contemporary Greek icon is of Christ as Pantocrator, which in Greek means “Ruler of All.” It was painted by N. Lionda and is part of a set of icons called Deisis (Greek for “Supplicating”) which shows Christ in the center as Pantocrator and flanked on either side by certain Saints, in particular the Virgin on His right hand (T35) and St. John the Baptist on His left (S132).

    Traditionally understood, this set of icons expresses why the sons of Zebedee, St. John and St. James, could not be promised to sit on Christ’s right and left hand in His Kingdom, as these places were already reserved (as this Deisis iconographic tradition preserves). In some Deisis icons there are other Saints like St. Peter and St. Paul on either side further from the center. The hands of all the Saints who surround Christ are then lifted up towards Christ as to ask or supplicate for His gracious intercession.

    This icon of Christ is unusual in that He is shown on a blue grey background upon which He seems to float almost as if there were clouds. Christ rules with the scepter of Love but not indulgence, revealing now the secrets of our hearts if we let Him.


  9. #29
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Christ Enthroned - Russian


    Christ Enthroned (Russian)


    Date: 15th c./ Style: Enthroned / Heritage: Russian

    This 15th century Russian icon of the Pantocrator (Greek for “Ruler of All”) was originally on the top row of an iconostasis or altar icon screen from Novgorod. The Deisis represents the Lord with His Holy Saints and Angels supplicating towards Him. In these matching icons (T36: The Theotokos, S150: The Archangel Michael, and S162: St. Peter, all standing on Christ’s right hand, and S133: St. John the Baptist, S120: The Archangel Gabriel, and S160: St. Paul all standing on Christ’s left) their hands are outstretched and their heads are bowed towards Christ sitting on the Throne of His Kingdom which will never end.

    Often in Byzantine iconography, and in all the schools of iconography which have been influenced by it, we see a type of strong asymmetrical dynamism which consciously precludes the symmetrical vision of life and Heaven which is static and is seen in most Western spiritual art. In Orthodox theology, God and all of Creation are dynamic, as are all the Saints (from the Latin Sanctus, meaning holy), who continually grow more holy for all Eternity. We all must become such saints if we want to go to live in Heaven


  10. #30
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Pantocrator - Pec


    Pantocrator (Pec)


    Date: 15th c. / L ocation: Pec / Heritage: Serbian

    This icon of the Pantocrator (Greek for “Ruler of All”) is from the Patriarchate of Pec and was painted in the 15th century. To teach us from His life and words that were recorded as the Holy Gospels (for the Gospels are a literary icon that we also venerate in Church), Christ holds this treasure in His left arm and blesses us with the Sign of the Cross in His right. This is one of the two patterns that have come down to us from ancient icons. In the pattern seen here, three fingers are held together to represent the Holy Trinity, and two fingers are together and upright to show His Divine and Human Natures, with one slightly bent to represent the humility of becoming fully human at His Incarnation. In the other pattern, the Lord holds His fingers to show the Greek letters for “IC XC”, the abbreviation for Jesus Christ.

    We see in this icon by the position of the legs, torso, shoulders, and arms a strong sense of active movement in the Lord reaching out toward us, for we are to actively participate in His Life by becoming in the words of St. Peter “partakers of the Divine Nature.” (2 Peter 1:4) May we begin to draw near today


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