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الموضوع: Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord

  1. #31
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Icon "Not Made By Hands" - Novgorod, 12th c


    Icon "Not Made By Hands" (Novgorod, 12th c.)


    Date: 12th c. / L ocation: Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow / Style: Holy Napkin / Heritage: Russian

    All icons of the Holy Face of Christ are patterned after the very first icon made by Jesus Christ Himself when he presented a cloth pressed to His face miraculously embedded with His image on it to the court artist of King Abgar of the City State Edessa, a neighboring kingdom of Israel at the time just before Christ’s Passion. This image became the pattern after which all icons of Christ have faithfully followed and was kept in Edessa until a.d. 944 when it was transferred to Constantinople. It was lost in a.d. 1204 at the time of the sack of Constantinople by the Western Knights of the 4th Crusade. Since Christ Himself made this icon by a miracle, we say that it is “Not Made by Hands.”

    This icon is one side of a two-sided icon originally from the Dormition Cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin and is very striking in appearance with Christ’s face boldly standing out against the large cruciform nimbus or halo in the background. His hair extends outward in four locks, with His beard in two locks, and His eyes fix on us powerfully to mystically respond by entering a deeper relationship with Him. He is most truly majestic and radiant


  2. #32
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Mosaic Pantocrator - Agia Sophia


    Mosaic Pantocrator (Agia Sophia)


    Date: 13th c. (Late) / L ocation: Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul) / Style: Mosaic, Pantocrator / Heritage: Byzantine

    Possibly the greatest icon of the late Paleologian Period, which began after the Restoration of the Byzantine Empire at Constantinople with the victory of Michael VIII Paleologus (1261-1282) that ended the Latin occupation. It was finished around 1280. Set in a background of gold mosaic tiles which almost shimmer, the figures of the Deisis or supplicating icon (which overall includes an icon of the Virgin and St. John the Forerunner) are made in fine tessera of mosaic tile of soft hues. It is set in the west side of the southern gallery of the Catachumena in the Great Church of Hagia Sophia, or Holy Wisdom, the architectural wonder finished under the Emperor Justinian in a.d. 585. This was the largest building in the world for over a thousand years, and considered one of the great wonders of the world.

    This last great artistic outpouring in Byzantium included both the highest aesthetic standards and classical trends raised to new heights. Thus the “Ruler of All” or “Pantocrator” beckons us to seek His Kingdom first, beyond the beauty of this material world, no matter how beautiful that art or beauty may be


  3. #33
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Nymphios - Bridegroom


    Nymphios ("Bridegroom")


    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Style: Nymphios (Bridegroom) / Heritage: Greek

    As a husband is to his wife so is Jesus Christ to His Church. His Crucifixion is His marital vow and His mockery and beating His wedding feast. The Bridegroom icon shows Christ stripped of His garments and clothed in a scarlet robe to mock Him. He wears a crown of thorns, causing blood to flow from the wounds. A reed is placed in His bound hands as a scepter.

    In Christ's halo are the Greek letters for "I AM", to remind us that Christ was the All-Powerful God who freely chose to experience pain and death. For the first three days of Holy Week this icon is placed prominently in the Church to remind us of Christ's great love and great suffering. Like the Five Wise and Five Foolish Virgins we await the Bridegroom's arrival and sing, "Behold, the Bridegroom, cometh at midnight. And Blessed is the servant whom He shall find awake. But He whom He shall find neglectful is verily unworthy. Beware therefore my soul, less thou fallest into deep slumber and the door of the Kingdom be closed against thee and thou be delivered unto death. But be thou wakeful crying, ‘Holy, Holy, Holy art Thou.’ from the Bridegroom Matins


  4. #34
    أخ/ت مبارك/ة الصورة الرمزية Mayda
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Extreme Humility


    Extreme Humility


    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Style: Extreme Humility / Heritage: Greek

    Here Christ is depicted descending into Hades bearing the instruments of the Passion: the Cross, lance, and sponge. His hands are as if bound but no rope is tying them together, demonstrating that He voluntarily chose to be fettered and willingly suffered for the salvation of all. We see the bleeding wounds on His side and hands, for He has kept His wounds even in His Resurrection as a sign that His agony and suffering were real and remain as a pledge of His undying Love for each person, even to His Death on the Cross. With His eyes closed He is truly dead to the world and all of its passionate needs during His descent in to Hades, yet inwardly beholding all things as the all-seeing God.

    When we think of God and the attributes that are His by nature--unconditional Love, complete omnipresence and omnipotence, Existence Itself without the boundaries of time and space, all-holiness, absolute compassion and empathy, Truth that is never swayed by partiality yet tempered by Divine Mercy, total understanding--each is astounding and hard to comprehend, but this icon’s “Extreme Humility” is perhaps the most close and dear to us


  5. #35
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Mosaic Christ (Detail of F65) - Sinai, 6th c


    Mosaic Christ (Detail of F65) (Sinai, 6th c.)


    Date: 6th c. (Mid) / L ocation: St. Catherine's Monastery, Mt. Sinai / Style: Mosaic / Heritage: Byzantine

    During the reign of the Emperor Justinian the Great (527-565), who codified and amplified the whole breadth of Roman Law which is the foundation of modern law, there was an attempt also to extend and consolidate the Roman Empire in both East and West and many important buildings were built including Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) in Constantinople. Also at that time the fortress of St. Catherine’s Monastery was built in the Sinai peninsula and enclosed the main monastery church in honor of the Virgin Mary Theotokos.

    This icon is a detail of the mosaic of the Transfiguration (F65) in the apse of the church over the main altar and is representative of the last phase of sacred art in this Justinian period (550-565). Light rays in this icon are emanating outward from Christ. According to the teaching of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Light of the Transfiguration is the Glory of God, and Its reception into the soul is the highest and complete ideal, set for each man that comes into this world. The sacred monastic ideal is often held as a means to more directly approach a life seeking this blessedness


  6. #36
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Mosaic Face of Christ ( Detail of J33) - Sinai, 6th c


    Mosaic Face of Christ ( Detail of J33) (Sinai, 6th c.)


    Date: 6th c. (Mid) / L ocation: St. Catherine’s Monastery, Mt. Sinai / Style: Mosaic / Heritage: Byzantine

    Here is a detail of Christ’s Face from the magnificent mosaic icon of the Transfiguration (F65) in the curved apse over the sanctuary of the main church at St. Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai, finished about 550-565 by the command of the Roman Emperor Justinian the Great (527-565). This is a sixth century treasure among the other iconographic and written treasures preserved at the monastery because of its dry climate, its lack of ever being conquered and ransacked, and also its being out of the political sphere of the iconoclastic Byzantine Emperors of the Iconoclastic (or icon-smashing) period from a.d. 726-843.

    On Mount Tabor the Lord was Transfigured before His Disciples Peter, James, and John in the presence of the Holy Prophet Moses and the Holy Prophet Elijah (representing the Law and the Prophets). The brightness of this Light blinded the Apostles and they fell down in fear at the overshadowing of the bright cloud and the voice saying “this is My Beloved Son, hear ye Him.” Christ’s Face is radiant and suffused with transcendent Light and Glory. May we receive this light into our hearts today


  7. #37
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons For the Lord / Deisis - Sinai, 12-13th c


    Deisis (Sinai, 12-13th c.)


    Date: 12th-13th c / L ocation: St. Catherine's Monastery, Mt. Sinai / Style: Deisis, Enthroned / Heritage: Byzantine

    This is a 12th-13th century icon from the central position above the Holy Doors of the upper row of festal icons of the Twelve Great Feasts of the year on the iconostasis or icon altar screen at the main monastery church at St. Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai. Six of the feasts are set on either side of this icon.

    Here the Lord Almighty sits serenely on His Throne as the Ruler of the universe. On Christ’s right hand stands the Virgin with her hands raised in supplication towards her Son and God, while St. John the Baptist stands on His left also supplicating. Deisis means supplication, which is the title of this type of icon. Deisis icons preserve the tradition that on the Day of Judgement the Virgin will appear with St. John the Baptist to intercede on behalf of us sinners and implore Christ to forgive and have mercy.

    In this icon we can see a distinct trait of icons painted at or for St. Catherine’s Monastery over a period of many years in that the gold of the halos are burnished in concentric circles around each head. This reflects the light into two bars which move as the observer moves, like the reflection on a phonograph record


  8. #38
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord / Christ - The Light-Giver


    Christ "The Light-Giver"


    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Heritage: Greek

    The Monk Michael of Mount Athos painted this three-quarter figure in 1991. We see Christ standing, carrying an ornamented book of the Holy Gospels in His left hand and blessing with his right hand, making the Sign of the Cross as an Orthodox priest normally makes over the Faithful. His fingers are formed into the shape of the Greek letters “IC XC” which is an abbreviation for the words Jesus Christ. These same letters, with a sign above them indicating that they are abbreviations, are set on either side of His halo or nimbus.

    Around His head a cross is inscribed in this nimbus for even in His Glory He retained the imprint of His wounds in His hands, feet, and side as a continuing witness to His Love for us in dying on the Cross. In this cross are the Greek letters for “I AM” to remind us that He was before Abraham, even before the time when light and darkness were created, and will now be with us until the light of the Glory of the Second Coming of God.

    Christ is our Saviour and Redeemer, “Light of light, true God of true God.” May He be the light by which we see all things


  9. #39
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord / Emmanuel - The Savior


    Emmanuel (The Savior)


    Date: 17th c. (Mid) / L ocation: Kolomenskoye, Russia / Style: Emmanuel, Enthroned / Heritage: Russian

    Emmanuel means “God with us” and is often used to speak of Christ in His younger days. Here the Almighty God Incarnate as a Beardless Child sits on a throne as the Ruler of the universe. The Divine Infant’s facial features are those of an adult to portray that although He was born on earth as a little baby, He was always consciously the All-Knowing God. In His left hand He holds a Gospel opened to the Prophet Isaiah, “The spirit of the Lord God is upon me because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord....” (Is 61:1-2)

    The two small figures below are identified as the Tsar’s favorites boyar Artamon Matveev and his wife Evdokia, and they are kissing His feet. The difference in size between the Lord and those depicted helps emphasize the Glory and Majesty of God. This 1670 Russian icon of the Moscow School is from a wooden palace in Kolomenskoye built by Tsar Alexei Michaelovitch


  10. #40
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    رد: Orthodox Byzantine Icons of the Lord / Deisis - Athos


    Deisis (Athos)


    Date: 20th c. (Late) / Style: Deisis / Heritage: Greek

    This modern Greek icon was painted by Monk Michael of Mount Athos and portrays the theme of the Deisis, or supplication of the Saints towards the Lord and their God. Here Christ on a throne as the Ruler of All is seated in Heaven and the Holy Ones who have loved Him well and followed the Lamb wherever He goes are standing behind Him on either side with both of their hands raised in supplication, asking that their prayers for the Faithful be graciously heard. The reason that the two sons of Zebedee would not be granted by the Lord to sit on His right hand and on His left in the Kingdom that would come is that these places had already been reserved for the Holy Virgin Theotokos on His right, and the Glorious Prophet and Forerunner John on His left. These two most perfectly epitomized in their lives on earth energetic love, devotion, and obedience to their Lord and God Jesus Christ; thus, in God’s Wisdom, they now stand near Him always.

    At times this theme is expanded to include more Saints standing further out from the Virgin and St. John and often include the Archangels Michael and Gabriel, and Ss. Peter and Paul


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